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Android


What is an Android?

The Google made open-sourced operating system “Android” has been taking the world by storm for the past decade. It is primarily used in tablets and smartphones and is the most popular mobile operating system in the world at present. The Linux based software uses a touch-screen, which users can pinch, swipe, or tap to get their desired responses from the phone. Along with that, new generation Android handsets have incorporated voice commands into their system as well.

The android operating system is also immensely customizable and several major mobile manufacturing companies such as Motorola, Samsung etc have opted to use Android as their primary operating system.

History of Android:

Android was the brainchild of Andy Rubin, who developed the technology in 2003. Nick Sears, and Chris White were co-developers as well, who had a strong linkage to T-Mobiles. In the initial stages, Android was deemed to be a vain attempt. After Andy Rubin’s plea to Steve Perlman, he received $10,000 to prevent the company from going into bankruptcy. However, the real miracle happened when Google co-founder Larry Page reached out to Andy Rubin to offer “help”. The Android prototype impressed the Google team and 45 days later, Android was bought by Google for $50 million.

The Android team moved to Google corporations, and continued to build the system, until it was released in 2008 by HTC. Android has then onwards boomed globally, with a net worth of 2 billion dollars. Then onwards, several version updates have been available for the users, the latest one being Android 7 Noughat.

Android Version

Android Version Version Name API Level Release Date
Android 1.0 Apple Pie 1 23/Sept/2008
Android 1.1 Banana Bread 2 09/Feb/2009
Android 1.5 Cupcake 3 30/April/2009
Android 1.6 Donut 4 15/Sept/2009
Android 2.0 Eclairs 5 26/Oct/2009
Android 2.0.1 Eclairs 6 03/Dec/2009
Android 2.1 Eclairs 7 12/Jan/2010
Android 2.2 Froyo 8 20/May/2010
Android 2.3 Gingerbread 9 06/Dec/2010
Android 2.3.3 Gingerbread 10 09/Feb/2011
Android 3.0 Honeycomb 11 22/Feb/2011
Android 3.1 Honeycomb 12 10/May/2011
Android 2.3.4 Gingerbread 10 10/May/2011
Android 3.2 Honeycomb 13 15/July/2011
Android 2.3.5 Gingerbread 10 25/July/2011
Android 2.3.6 Gingerbread 10 02/Sept/2011
Android 3.2.1 Honeycomb 13 20/Sept/2011
Android 2.3.7 Gingerbread 10 21/Sept/2011
Android 3.2.2 Honeycomb 13 30/Sept/2011
Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich 14 18/Oct/2011
Android 4.0.1 Ice Cream Sandwich 14 19/Oct/2011
Android 4.0.2 Ice Cream Sandwich 14 28/Nov/2011
Android 3.2.4 Honeycomb 13 15/Dec/2011
Android 4.0.3 Ice Cream Sandwich 15 16/Dec/2011
Android 3.2.6 Honeycomb 13 15/Feb/2012
Android 4.0.4 Ice Cream Sandwich 15 28/Mar/2012
Android 4.1 Jelly Bean 16 09/July/2012
Android 4.1.1 Jelly Bean 16 23/July/2012
Android 4.1.2 Jelly Bean 16 09/Oct/2012
Android 4.2 Jelly Bean 17 13/Nov/2012
Android 4.2.1 Jelly Bean 17 27/Nov/2012
Android 4.2.2 Jelly Bean 17 11/Feb/2013
Android 4.3 Jelly Bean 18 24/July/2013
Android 4.4 KitKat 19 31/Oct/2013
Android 4.4.1 KitKat 19 05/Dec/2013
Android 4.4.2 KitKat 19 09/Dec/2013
Android 4.4.3 KitKat 19 14/Apr/2014
Android 4.4.4 KitKat 19 23/Jun/2014
Android 5.0 Lollipop 21 17/Oct/2014
Android 5.0.1 Lollipop 21 2/Dec/2014
Android 5.0.2 Lollipop 21 19/Dec/2014
Android 5.1 Lollipop 22 09/Mar/2015
Android 5.1.1 Lollipop 22 21/Apr/2015
Android 6 Marshmallow 23 05/Oct/2015
Android 6.0.1 Marshmallow 23 07/Dec/2015
Android 7.0 Nougat 24 22/Aug/2016
Android 7.1 Nougat 25 04/Oct/2016

Features of Android:

There are several features that Android provides that has impressed the customers :

i) NFC (Near field communication)  is high frequency wireless technology that enables the exchange of data between android devices over a short range proximity. Due to the close range, it offers more security than Bluetooth connectivity. The use of NFCs can facilitate device-to-device transactions and eliminate the use of cash or credit cards.

ii) Widgets eliminate the necessity to open a certain app from the menu by displaying a mini-version of it on the home-screen.

iii) Super customizable wall-paper and home screens are also available for Android users where live wallpapers, alternate themes, etc which can be downloaded from the app store or on the internet.

iv) Google Play Store is the reigning application download store in the world, with over 1 million applications that can be installed into the phone, which users can buy or are offered for free download.

v) Storage Expansion and Battery replacement are Android features that are coveted by most iOs users. Android mobiles allow the user to upgrade their batteries when they do not hold charge anymore. SD card slots can also be used to expand storage capacity.

vi) Multiple keyboards such as Swype, Swiftkey etc are also supported by Android devices, along with the staple Google keyboard. The presence of this feature allows user to adjust and choose which keyboard is most suited to them, and their phone. All of these smart keyboards are highly customizable and accessible.

Android operating system has continually made impacts upon the tech world through its updated versions, immediate bug fixes and innovative application database. Not only has it battled all the major operating systems of the time, but revolutionized global mobile technology. It has indeed made everyday life easier through its user-friendly implementation.


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